Chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger) are rodents with very thick, dense fur that can make wonderful pets. This fur is often described as”luxurious” and chinchillas previously have been raised for the purposes of harvesting the fur. They’ve a long lifespan for a rodent (approximately 10 years) and they are quite sociable and active. Chinchillas are curious and can move very fast, so you must keep an eye on them when outside their cages. Young chinchillas are known as kits.
Female chinchillas are seasonally polyestrous, meaning that they can have two litters between November and May. After breeding it is normal for the female chinchilla to have a copulatory plug present. This will appear as a thick, white discharge within the vaginal area. The gestation period is 111 days long, and the kits will nurse for 6-8 weeks. The young are extremely precocious and are born with a complete hair coat, open eyes and the ability to maneuver around.
Chinchillas are very active creatures and require a large cage which they can comfortably move around and exercise in. Many people opt to have a huge cage with multiple levels. It’s a good idea to provide a wheel for your chinchilla to run on although a solid wheel is recommended as opposed to the cable hamster wheels. A shelter or hideout ought to be supplied in the cage for your chinchillas to break in. Chinchillas need dustbaths to maintain the health of their haircoat. These are usually give daily to every other day, in a special plastic box (to minimize mess). These animals are extremely sensitive to heat, and thus they ought to be kept in a place of the house where the temperature is below 70°F.
Fiber is a very important part of the chinchilla diet. The diet should consist of mainly hay supplemented with legumes and fresh vegetables. It’s important to be certain that the hay is fresh and not mildewed or moldy. Feeding a diet lacking in fiber can predispose your chinchilla to intestinal upset and cause diarrhea or constipation.
Chinchilla teeth are normally yellow-orange in color. This is not a sign of dental disease or decay; it is in fact a symptom of health since this is the desired color of rodent teeth. All rodents have hypsodont teeth, which means they keep growing throughout life and must be ground down automatically. If the mechanical grinding does not happen correctly, the teeth may overgrow each other and result in a malocclusion. Providing gnawing stones on your chinchillas’ cage should generally offer enough grinding to prevent malocclusion. But some chinchillas are genetically predisposed to malocclusion; these animals shouldn’t be bred. If you notice that your chinchilla isn’t eating, is drooling a lot, and appears to be losing weight, you should take him to New Smyrna Beach FL Wildlife Control to have his teeth examined. The veterinarian might need to trim the teeth under anesthesia. Other common diseases of chinchillas include enteritis, due to a poor diet, and respiratory infections.